Development and Implementation of Polygenic Risk Score in Vietnamese Population
Recent technological advancements and availability of genetic databases have facilitated the integration of genetic factors into risk prediction models. A Polygenic Risk Score (PRS) combines the effect of many Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP) into a single score. This score has lately been shown to have a clinically predictive value in various common diseases. Some clinical interpretations of PRS are summarized in this review for coronary artery disease, breast cancer, prostate cancer, diabetes mellitus, and Alzheimer’s disease. While these findings gave support to the implementation of PRS in clinical settings, the populations of interest were derived mainly from European ancestry. Therefore, applying these findings to non-European ancestry (Vietnamese in this context) requires many efforts and cautions. This review aims to articulate the evidence supporting the clinical use of PRS, the concepts behind the validity of PRS, approach to implement PRS in Vietnamese population, and cautions in selecting methods and thresholds to develop an appropriate PRS.